PDF (UN Treaty Series) Aust LII: Australian Legal Information Institute / IMO Website ENTRI: Environmental Treaties and Resource Indicators/ IMO Website / Status of IMO Conventions Minamata Convention Agenda 21: Programme of Action for Sustainable Development (1992), Rio Declaration on Environment and Development (1992), and the Statement of Principles for the Sustainable Management of Forests (1992) Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety (2000) Convention on Biological Diversity (1992) *North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (1993) *United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in Countries Experiencing Serious Drought (1994) United Nations Sustainable Development / .
PDF / UN General Assembly Biological Diversity Website / Status of Ratification / .
Heidi Frostestad Kuehl is the Law Library Director and Associate Professor of Law at the Northern Illinois University College of Law’s David C. She holds a Law degree from Valparaiso University School of Law with a specialization in International Trade and Development and a Master’s Degree in Library and Information Science from the University of Iowa.
International environmental law is an ever-changing, constantly expanding, and intriguing topic for international legal research.
PDF Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (2001) International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (1973) & 1978 Protocol (“MARPOL”) *International Convention Relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties (1969) and Protocol (1973) International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage (2001) International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage (1969) & Protocols of 1976, 1984, 1992, and 2000 Amendments *Minamata Convention on Mercury (2013) Persistant Organic Pollutants website (Stockholm Convention) / Convention / National Implementation Plans / .
PDF ENTRI: Environmental Treaties and Resource Indicators (1973/1978) / IMO website / Status of IMO Conventions IMO website / ENTRI: Environmental Treaties and Resource Indicators / .
For other specialized topics in international environmental law research consult Globa Lex articles: Like other areas of specialized international law, international environmental law follows the same sources and categories of law as primary authority under Article 38 of the Statute of the I. Therefore, a researcher should start with identifying the applicable treaties in force and analyzing those nations, which are the parties to the agreement.
After determining all applicable treaties based on the facts of the research question, then the researcher can uncover national laws, which might accordingly follow the treaty terms or deviate.
The following table is a table of international agreements, treaties, and websites for international legal research based on the eight sub-topics of hazardous waste, nuclear waste, ocean and marine sources, ozone and protection of the atmosphere, pollution, protection of species and wildlife, sustainable development, and trade and the environment.
When available, I have linked to sources of the original document available online.