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Summary: The Modes of Discourse—Exposition, Description, Narration, Argumentation (EDNA)—are common paper assignments you may encounter in your writing classes.
Although these genres have been criticized by some composition scholars, the Purdue OWL recognizes the wide spread use of these approaches and students’ need to understand and produce them.
: Some confusion may occur between the argumentative essay and the expository essay.
The structure of the argumentative essay is held together by the following.
In the first paragraph of an argument essay, students should set the context by reviewing the topic in a general way.Detailed research allows the student to learn about the topic and to understand different points of view regarding the topic so that she/he may choose a position and support it with the evidence collected during research.Regardless of the amount or type of research involved, argumentative essays must establish a clear thesis and follow sound reasoning.It is essential that this thesis statement be appropriately narrowed to follow the guidelines set forth in the assignment.If the student does not master this portion of the essay, it will be quite difficult to compose an effective or persuasive essay.With your outline in hand, start writing your essay.In your introduction, start with your thesis statement or a question about the subjects and write an interesting short background.Transitions should wrap up the idea from the previous section and introduce the idea that is to follow in the next section.Each paragraph should be limited to the discussion of one general idea.In a compare and contrast essay, you take two similar things that have dissimilarities too and write about them.A strong essay of this type can make for interesting reading and is not too difficult to compose.