subsections of the literature review could be numbered 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, etc. Unlike the abstract, this is not a summary of everything you are about to say: you can afford to grab your readers’ attention.
Make a surprise beginning, perhaps a quote from someone who inspires you on this topic, and show your knowledge of the research area (include if you like your previous research experience in this field: you can afford to be personal in this section) and why it is relevant to today’s world.
The abstract needs to be entirely your own words, as every abstract will be completely different depending on your topic.
Like the rest of the document, apart from block quotations, it should be double-spaced and laid out clearly.
Each section includes example notes and guidance on the suggested length and content.
Some sections also include suggested content templates to be filled in, but given the nature of a research proposal as academic, this can unfortunately only be limited.
Panda Tip: While this document has the form of a sample, the main body of an academic proposal needs to be based on your research idea: all the rest of the content needs to flow from that if it is to be academically credible.
The notes and guide that form most of the words in this template are more important than the sentences to fill in.
Panda Tip: Length can vary immensely, but probably 300-1500 words or more, depending on the nature of your research.
This is one of the most important sections of your research proposal.