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Because students are choosing from a set of potential answers, however, there are obvious limits on what can be tested with multiple choice items.For example, they are not an effective way to test students’ ability to organize thoughts or articulate explanations or creative ideas.GENERAL TYPES OF ESSAY ITEMS* RESTRICTED RESPONSE ESSAY ITEM- is one where the examinee is required to provide limited response based on a specified criterion for answering the question. Formulation of new questions BLOOM’S TAXONOMY essay questions* A.
On the other hand, multiple choice exams provide less opportunity than essay or short-answer exams for you to determine how well the students can think about the course content or use the language of the discipline in responding to questions.
If you decide you want to test mostly recall of information or facts and you need to do so in the most efficient way, then you should consider using multiple choice tests.
*Prepare enough questions to sample the material of the subject area broadly, within a reasonable limit.
Essay tests can evaluate more complex cognitive or thinking skills assuming that rote memory and recall tasks are assessed more appropriately through objectives tests as true-false and multiple choice questions.
CONSTRUCTING and SCORING ESSAY TESTS* An essay test permits direct assessment of the attainment of numerous goals and objectives.
An essay test demands less construction time per fixed unit of student time but a significant increase in labor in time and scoring. Criticism of the adequacy, correctness, or relevance of a statement D.These cognitive challenges are reflected in the verbs of the questions themselves, from simple to complex (c.f.Multiple choice test items can be written to assess various levels of learning outcomes, from basic recall to application, analysis, and evaluation.Application of rules or principles in specified situations F. SOURCES OF DIFFICULTY IN THE USE OF ESSAY TEST* Instrument validity GUIDELINES FOR CONSTRUCTING, EVALUATING AND USING ESSAY ITEMS* Consider the following suggestions for constructing, evaluating and using tests: *Limit the problem that the question poses so that it will have a clear or definite meaning to most students.*Use simple words which will convey clear meaning to the students.Therefore, it is important to try and be as reliable as possible when scoring your essay items.Designing tests is an important part of assessing students understanding of course content and their level of competency in applying what they are learning.There are two types of essay questions: restricted and extended response.Before expecting students to perform well on either type of essay question, we must make sure that they have the required skills to excel.The reliability is enhanced when the number of MC items focused on a single learning objective is increased.In addition, the objective scoring associated with multiple choice test items frees them from problems with scorer inconsistency that can plague scoring of essay questions.