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It could be an object, an animal, a situation or an environment.
Also, when parents are overcautious and exaggerate danger, children tend to become phobic.
Phobias are a little more prevalent in women and very subjective.
They have found different and unnatural things frightening.
Actually,these fears affect people starting from their childhood, because people cant see the difference between unreal things and real things when they are children.
So this stiuation can lead people to have some fears which are called phobia. Being scared of something like falling, is not a phobia, because there is a real danger and there is a need for survival in the individual.
Only when the fear becomes irrational does it become a phobia (
~ Specific phobias: These are related to a specific object, animal or insect, people, environment or situation.
Presented here are a few common specific phobias: Cynophobia: Fear of dogs or rabies Ophidiophobia: Fear of snakes Batophobia: Fear of height Tachophobia: Fear of speed Claustrophobia: Fear of closed spaces Coulrophobia: Fear of clowns Latrophobia: Fear of doctors or of visiting the doctor ~ Agoraphobia: This is a generalised phobia individuals tend to have, of leaving home or a small, familiar comfort zone and of panic that might be brought on by making such a move.
Specific phobias may develop from past experiences, especially in childhood.
A bad experience with an object or situation is recorded in the brain by a substance called amygdale.