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All in all I would say that the future of nuclear power looks promising.With new generations of reactors, potential major breakthroughs such as nuclear fusion, the methods we use to harness nuclear energy will get better in the next coming years.We all remember the Chernobyl accident, where the harmful effects of nuclear radiation on humans can even be witnessed today.
It is possible to fuel nuclear power plants with other fuel types than uranium.
Thorium, which also is a greener alternative, has lately been given an increased amount of attention.
uranium), control and get rid of nuclear waste, as well as the maintenance of the plant.
The reason this is under advantages is that nuclear energy is cost-competitive.
Nuclear fusion is the holy grail of harnessing energy.
If we can learn to control atomic fusion, the same reactions as those that fuel the sun, we have practically unlimited energy.At the moment, these two methods both have serious challenges that need to be dealt with if we are to start using them on larger scale.It is estimated the amount of energy released in a nuclear fission reaction is ten million times greater than the amount released in burning a fossil fuel atom (e.g. Therefore, the amount of fuel required in a nuclear power plant is much smaller compared to those of other types of power plants.While the advantages of using nuclear energy seem to be many, there are also plenty of negative effects of nuclear energy.The following are the most important ones: The radioactive waste can possess a threat to the environment and is dangerous for humans.The initial construction costs of nuclear power plants are large.On top of this, when the power plants first have been built, we are left with the costs to enrich and process the nuclear fuel (e.g.However, nuclear waste is potential harmful for both humans and the environment.Reports show that with the yearly fuel consumption of today’s nuclear power plants, we have enough uranium for 80 years.Just last year, on March 18, a major nuclear crisis happenend again in Japan.While the casualties were not as high as with the Chernobyl accident, the environmental effects were disasterous. The nuclear power plants emit negligible amounts, if any, carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.