Literature Review On Child Abuse

Literature Review On Child Abuse-65
Too many people assume that these children grow up and just "get over" the abuse. Research has shown us that child maltreatment can be very psychologically damaging. In a number of studies, it has been shown that physical abuse has a damaging effect on children (Augoustinos, 1987; Briere & Runtz, 1988, 1990; Claussen & Crittenden, 1991; Kaplan, Pelcovitz & Labruna, 1999).

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It has been shown that at least 30% of people who have been physically abused have lifetime disruptive disorder diagnosis, such as oppositional defiant disorder or conduct disorder (Kaplan , 1999; Briere & Runtz, 1990).

Research has also indicated that physically abused children tend to be less popular and liked and had fewer friendships.

This paper reviews the literature on the psychological effects of child maltreatment.

As you are sitting in the living room watching television, you hear that familiar sound.

Abstract: Child maltreatment is a generic term referring to four primary acts: physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse and neglect.

Child maltreatment occurs in our society at alarming rates.

These studies have indicated that sexually abused children are more likely to report symptoms of depression on various tests, such as the Children's Depression Inventory, the Hopkins Symptom Checklist, and the Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (Mc Leer ., 2001).

Another effect noted in victims of childhood sexual abuse is anxiety.

This has been displayed in other studies as well (Mc Leer et al., 1998; Molnar, Berkman & Buka, 2001; Zlotnick ., 2001).

Many children who are sexually abused display maladaptive sexual behaviours.


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