This makes it hard to plan, budget and buy the necessary items we need for our complex expeditions.
We need survival and rescue gear, medical supplies, specialized science equipment, lab analysis of samples, helicopters, volcanic gas monitors, satellite phones, breathing apparatus, and expedition-quality food and tents.
So, we need to study the changing volume of the ice just to understand the rate and how this is being impacted by global climate change." Mount Rainier has about 35 square miles of permanent ice and snow cover. S., Mount Rainier's Emmons Glacier has the largest surface area (4.3 square miles).
Carbon Glacier is the longest (5.7 miles), thickest (700 feet) and deepest (3,500 feet) in the contiguous U. As part of the research team, Florea also will collect data that will help scientists understand how life might thrive on Mars or the icy moons around the gas giant planets, like Jupiter's Europa or Saturn's Escalades.
We collect data under their remote guidance, following their strict methodologies. As much as we need and appreciate our grants, they do not cover all of our expenses.
There are only a few grants available for our specialized work, and sometimes we even compete with our own scientists for these funds. Even if we get them, we might not find out until late in the game.In addition to measuring the impact of global climate change, the team will examine the harsh environment where microbes may thrive and what it might mean for life on other planets.The Mount Rainier Fumarole Cave Project is set for Aug. As part of the project, approved by the National Park Service and sponsored by National Geographic, researchers will explore ice caves on the fifth highest peak in the contiguous United States and the tallest volcano, whose last estimated eruption was between 18.A cave is "a natural opening in the ground extending beyond the zone of light and large enough to permit the entry of man," according to the U. Caves typically form in types of rock, such as limestone, that dissolve in water. Caves can range in size from single rooms to large formations with winding passageways that extend for miles.Various microorganisms may get energy to live by feeding from materials in volcanic rock."These caves are an extreme environment for life," Florea says."If we are to go to Europa and other ice covered moons—where many scientists believe life could exist—we need to examine our planet to determine how life could exist and under what conditions."The lakes in the ice caves of Mount Rainier might be a reasonable analog for what you might expect on Europa."I've been invited because of my background in geochemistry as well as my experience in caving," Florea says."While at Ball State, we’ve done numerous studies of water in various caves in the Midwest.