If alcoholism is a disease, then it is one of the greatest epidemics of modern times.While no real consensus exists among experts in the field concerning how alcoholism should be defined, recent statistics indicate that 10 million Americans are classified as alcoholics (i.e., those with chronic, problematic drinking patterns).
For Christians struggling with alcohol addiction, understanding the causes will enable them to address serious personal, emotional, and spiritual obstacles to their recovery.
For the believing community, it will enhance our ability to provide adequate support and effective prevention.
As is proved by numerous under-age examples of alcohol consumption and addiction, the dependence syndrome is mostly revealed in either alcohol taking or a desire to take alcohol (Mental Health Matters, 2005).
The need for alcohol is present when a person craves alcohol and cannot limit actual amounts or whenever a drinker enlarges alcohol consumption to feel high.
There are three approaches to the etiology of alcoholism.
All three will be discussed in terms of the reasons for holding them, limitations of the models and positive contributions toward understanding the problem.
Alcohol addiction is largely featured by general tolerance for alcohol with periodically increasing amounts to achieve the same degree of satisfaction, having a persistent desire or the inability to lower the amount of consumed dozes, and continuing consuming great amounts of alcohol despite realizing that the habit causes physical, psychological and socio-economic problems.
Such dependence is much intensified during the teenage period (13-19 years) when young organism acquires negative effects that eventually destroys the rest of a person’s life.
The Temperance Movement, the ultimate agenda of which was the Prohibition Act of 1919, popularized the moral model.
According to this perspective, the problem with alcohol dependency is the moral weakness of the abuser.