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The first recorded earthquake in India was on 6th June 1505 it occurred in Saldang, Karnali zone.And the most recent one happened in India as on 31st January 2018 and occurred in Kashmir, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan. A seismometer detects the vibrations caused by an earthquake. The strength, or magnitude, of an earthquake, is measured using the Richter scale.To help prevent a roof from collapsing, builders make the roof out of light-weight materials.
The seismicity or seismic activity of an area refers to the frequency, type and size of earthquakes experienced over a period of time.
So far, there have been sixty-two earthquakes in India.
Earthquake swarms are sequences of earthquakes striking in a specific area within a short period of time.
They are different from earthquakes followed by a series of aftershocks by the fact that no single earthquake in the sequence is obviously the main shock, therefore none have notably higher magnitudes than the other.
Normal faults occur mainly in areas where the crust is being extended.
Reverse faults occur in areas where the crust is being shortened.
Strike-slip faults are steep structures where the two sides of the fault slip horizontally past each other.
Most earthquakes form part of a sequence, related to each other in terms of location and time.
The boundaries between moving plates form the largest fault surfaces on Earth.
When they stick, motion between the plates leads to increasing stress.