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- - Many believe that it is valuable and essential to briefly report in manuscripts, as best as possible, how one's preconceptions, beliefs, values, assumptions and position may have come into play during the research process.
"A researcher's background and position will affect what they choose to investigate, the angle of investigation, the methods judged most adequate for this purpose, the findings considered most appropriate, and the framing and communication of conclusions" (Malterud, 2001, p. The perspective or position of the researcher shapes all research - quantitative, qualitative, even laboratory science. This might lead to the development of different, although equally valid, understandings of a particular situation under study.
While some may see these different ways of knowing as a reliability problem, others feel that these different ways of seeing provide a richer, more developed understanding of complex phenomena.
The complex nature of education research demands such thorough, sophisticated reviews.
Although doctoral education is a key means for improving education research, the literature has given short shrift to the dissertation literature review.
Diary keeping of this type is often very private and cathartic.
Report research perspectives, positions, values and beliefs in manuscripts and other publications.
A thorough, sophisticated literature review is the foundation and inspiration for substantial, useful research.
This article suggests criteria to evaluate the quality of dissertation literature reviews and reports a study that examined dissertation at three universities.
Acquiring the skills and knowledge required to be education scholars, able to analyze and synthesize the research in a field of specialization, should be the focal, integrative activity of predissertation doctoral education.