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This one-page guide includes a plot summary and brief analysis of in 1975.
Modern institutions could more easily train, observe, and control people when they dealt with them as parts.
Through modern institutions, people are turned into “docile bodies.” This arrangement is ideal for the industrial age, where people started working in factories and sat in more classrooms.
In the second part, Punishment, Foucault discusses the “gentle punishments” that preceded prisons. Reformists, Foucault writes, really wanted the state to have the ability to judge and punish anyone.
With this impulse, “mini-theatres” of punishments arose, such as chain gains.
To illustrate his assertion, Foucault references the twinned progression of scientific knowledge and advances in technology.
Historically, knowledge is the same thing as power.
Foucault cites Panopticon, a prison model devised by mid-eighteenth century British philosopher Jeremy Bentham, as the fundamental insight into modern disciplinary institutions.
Because of its “unequal gaze,” the prison optimized surveillance of all prisoners.