Instruction that coordinates decoding and spelling maximizes students’ ability to read and spell words automatically.
The writing lab approach to language instruction and intervention. Spelling appears in the phonics section of the model because of the reciprocal nature of sounding out words (decoding) and spelling words (encoding).
For example, What is the effect of varying amounts of light on the growth of Escherichia coli?
or What is the effect of an improved freshman advising system on students retention rate between freshman and sophomore years?
Fluent, or automatic, performance in both discrete (e.g., word recognition) and complex (e.g., comprehension, composition) literacy skills is essential to be a proficient reader and writer. Download the Literacy How Reading Wheel with component definitions.