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The act of corporal punishment on children has been outlawed and laws have been changed with the evolution of parenting.Even with the laws that protect children from corporal punishment in place, a vast majority of the country still practices it at home.
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The following literature reviews attempt to demonstrate and support this hypothesis.
In a research article by Wendy Walsh (2002) aptly named Spankers and Non-spankers: Where They Get Information on Spanking, the author explains in detail all the issues surrounding the corporal…...
The more often or more harshly a child was hit, the more likely they are to be aggressive or to have mental health problems.
While the nature of the analyses prohibits causally linking corporal punishment with the child behaviors, Gershoff also summarizes a large body of literature on parenting that suggests why corporal punishment may actually cause negative outcomes for children.
In a large-scale meta-analysis of 88 studies, psychologist Elizabeth Thompson Gershoff, Ph D, of the National Center for Children in Poverty at Columbia University, looked at both positive and negative behaviors in children that were associated with corporal punishment.
Her research and commentaries on her work are published in the July issue of While conducting the meta-analysis, which included 62 years of collected data, Gershoff looked for associations between parental use of corporal punishment and 11 child behaviors and experiences, including several in childhood (immediate compliance, moral internalization, quality of relationship with parent, and physical abuse from that parent), three in both childhood and adulthood (mental health, aggression, and criminal or antisocial behavior) and one in adulthood alone (abuse of own children or spouse).
There is general consensus that corporal punishment is effective in getting children to comply immediately while at the same time there is caution from child abuse researchers that corporal punishment by its nature can escalate into physical maltreatment," Gershoff writes.
But, Gershoff also cautions that her findings do not imply that all children who experience corporal punishment turn out to be aggressive or delinquent.