• The Banks’ Responsibilities when documents are tendered for payment • The buyer and his right of access to the goods: selling the goods on by endorsement • The seller’s duty to tender a document accurately recording the state of the goods on shipment • The seller’s duties regarding the contractual terms of the bill of lading • Rejection of goods and documents • Fraud in international trade Teaching methods include: • Seminars, where students will be expected to read set secondary and primary sources in advance; • Tutorials, which will give students the opportunity to resolve practical problems in small groups.
Learning activities include: • Reading and understanding relevant practitioner texts • Reading and analysing relevant primary sources, e.g.
S20 So GA 1979 provides that, unless otherwise agreed, risk will usually pass with but, frequently not the case in international contracts. contracts, risk will pass on shipment, regardless of whether property passes at that and this is so even where the goods have been shipped in unsegregated parcels.
In particular, unlike ownership, risk can pass before the goods have been ascertained, at any rate where the goods form part of a larger, but identified, bulk. There are, however, three situations which require special mention: (1) First, in an contract, where the seller is obliged physically to deliver the goods at the discharge port, risk will often pass at that stage.
oil contract, the period will often refer to the time of arrival at the discharge port, and not the period during which the cargo is to be shipped.