Assignment On Aids

HIV prevention practices may be done by individuals to protect "their own health" and the health of those in their community, or may be instituted by governments or other organizations as "public health policies".Of these, the only universally medically proven method for preventing the spread of HIV during sexual intercourse is the correct use of condoms, and condoms are also the only method promoted by health authorities worldwide.

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Despite enormous international collaborative efforts and detailed research into neutralizing antibodies and HIV specific cellular immunity, effective immunotherapy or an efficacious vaccine are not yet available.

Major aspects of HIV infection are still not well understood, and much remains to be done to ensure affected people and communities benefit from the knowledge that has accumulated and that drives clinical and public health innovation.

HIV-specific immunity does affect viral load and slows down disease progression, but eventually fails in almost all patients.

Better understanding the pathogenesis of HIV in the host and the dissemination of HIV in the population are both essential to effective control of the epidemic.

With unprecedented speed, antiretrovirals became available that target different steps in the HIV replication cycle, which are now effectively used in combination therapy.

Combination antiretroviral therapy also reduces the likelihood of onward HIV transmission, and HIV treatment is a crucial component of HIV prevention, in combination with public health approaches, in particular the promotion of regular HIV testing and safe practices.Reflecting this broadened scope, HIV and AIDS wants to publish articles that deal with: 1) the pathogenesis of HIV and SIV infection and those that deal with the molecular origins of its immune activation and regulation; 2) genetics of HIV acquisition and disease; 3) HIV immunity and development of prophylactic vaccines; 4) origins and pathology of HIV associated non-AIDS diseases (for instance CVD and neuropathology) in patients on c ART and their potential for immunotherapy; 5) HIV eradication therapy; 6) behavioral, social and structural factors that affect HIV risk and prevention; 7) efficacy and effectiveness of public health and combination HIV prevention approaches; 8) successful engagement with HIV treatment and care.HIV prevention might refer to practices done to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS. It harms your immune system by destroying the white blood cells that fight infection. HIV most often spreads through unprotected sex with a person who has HIV.This puts you at risk for serious infections and certain cancers. It may also spread by sharing drug needles or through contact with the blood of a person who has HIV.People who are at high risk may take HIV prevention medicines.Medline Plus links to health information from the National Institutes of Health and other federal government agencies.People who get early treatment can live with the disease for a long time.Strategies to reduce the risk of HIV infection include not having sex, limiting your number of sexual partners, never sharing needles, and using condoms the right way every time you have sex.Social strategies do not require any drug or object to be effective, but rather require persons to change their behaviors to gain protection from HIV.Some social strategies which people consider include: so HIV testing is almost always a part of any strategy to encourage people to change their behaviors to become less likely to contract HIV.


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