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The fact that your[br]friend can't stand Monty and wants to have a good[br]time doesn't do anything to make it more likely[br]that Monty won't be there. In the purple argument,[br]though, the premises, if they're true, they guarantee[br]the conclusion is true. The truth of the premises[br]guarantees the truth of the conclusion, and so[br]in the purple argument, the premises do support the conclusion.Now, it's worth pointing[br]out that the red argument, though it's bad as it[br]stands, could be made a good argument with the addition of some background premise.
She's given you two statements, "Monty's really shy" and[br]"Monty rarely goes to parties," which together comprise[br]a reason for believing that Monty won't be at the party.
The statements that are the reason, we call the argument's premises.
The very best reasons for a belief make it certain, they guarantee it. Well, the reason that critical thinking is important is because,[br]since we're rational, we want our beliefs to be true.
Rational people want to have true beliefs, and they want not to have false beliefs.
Well, an argument is a set[br]of statements that together comprise a reason for a further statement.
So, for example, we can consider one of your friend's responses[br]before as an argument.thinking, reasoning, critical, creative, memory, probability, conclusion, skills, problem, decision, critical thinking, decision making, thinking skills, creative thinking, hypothesis testing, analyzing arguments, thinking starts, description examples, college students, skill description, Critical thinking, Kritiskt tänkande Thought and Knowledge, An Introduction to Critical Thinking by Diane F.Halpern Includes bibliographical references (pages 593-623) and index Thinking: an introduction -- Thinking starts here : memory as the mediator of cognitive processes -- The relationship between thought and language -- Reasoning : drawing deductively valid conclusions -- Analyzing arguments -- Thinking as hypothesis testing -- Likelihood and uncertainty : understanding probabilities -- Decision making : it is a matter of choice -- Development of problem solving skills -- Creative thinking -- The last word -- Appendix: list of critical thinking skills"This best-selling textbook, written by award-winning educator and past president of the American Psychological Association, Diane F.In that case, we say that the argument supports the conclusion.Good arguments support their conclusions, and bad arguments don't[br]support their conclusions.So it's not morally right or morally good to believe something on[br]the basis of good reasons.Similarly, it's not morally[br]wrong, or evil, or wicked to believe something on[br]the basis of a bad reason.In this lesson, we're gonna[br]talk about three things. And she says to you, quite confidently, "Monty won't be at the party." You're not sure whether[br]or not to believe her, so it would be natural[br]for you to follow up by asking, "Why do you think so?" And there are a lot of different things that she might say in response.And here I can explain a[br]little bit more about why.If you consider what the[br]red argument's premises say, that your friend can't stand Monty, and she wants to have a good time, and think about their relationship to the conclusion of the argument, you'll see that those[br]statements don't make that conclusion any[br]more likely to be true.