7 Steps Of Critical Thinking

7 Steps Of Critical Thinking-71
If you want to improve your analytical thinking skills, it may be time to play Sudoku or other brain games like puzzles, chess, or crosswords. Ask for an expert opinion if available or do extensive research.

In their time under my tutelage, I spend most of my time trying to teach them that they don't know what they think they do. A book was written about this by the philosopher Alan Watts— because I think that all of us are capable of this kind of critical thinking, regardless of our educational background. In the current election climate, many people decided early on which candidate they wanted to support, based either on a gut feeling or the information they had back then.

The kind of inquisitiveness and curiosity I'm talking about is innate. If they're not open to new information as it becomes available, they may support someone who is unlikely to embody the principles they value.

I am a college professor, and one of the things I do for a living is train Ph. But here's the problem: They come in thinking that they are hot stuff. When a graduate student comes to me and says "I just realized I don't know anything about cognitive neuroscience" I congratulate them and tell them they're now ready to receive the Ph. It can only be created in an environment where we're open to the possibility that we're wrong. We have this beaten out of us early on by worn-down parents and teachers.

They have learned massive amounts of information, and unfortunately, they are so sure that their knowledge is correct, they are wont to add new knowledge without questioning the foundations of the old. For those of you steeped in Eastern philosophy, you'll recognize the Zen connection. But this Allowing ourselves to realize that we don't always know what we think we know opens our minds to new knowledge, and allows us to navigate the world more effectively, choosing among options (or political candidates) that are more likely to maximize our success and well-being.

It's been said that the problems you encounter in life stem not so much from what you don't know, but from what you know for sure that isn't so. We don't know, although many people are certain that it was Mark Twain. For now, why would it be less hazardous—to your health, to productivity, to happiness—to know a whole bunch of things than to believe things that aren't true?

Because if you're sure that you know something, you act on it with the strength of conviction and resolve.

By the time he realized it wasn't working, it was too late for medicine to help him. After all, they have been at the top of every class they've been in all throughout their school lives. is effectively a license for someone to become a lifelong learner, certifying the kind of open-mindedness and critical thinking skills necessary to become a creator of knowledge.

If you're sure that your choice of political candidate is right, if you know it for sure, you're not likely to be open-minded about any new evidence that might come in that could—or should—cause you to change your mind. If they hadn't been, they wouldn't have gotten into a first-rate college, and if they hadn't been at the top of their classes there, they wouldn't have gotten into the very competitive graduate programs at the universities where I've taught and those like them—the Stanfords, Berkeleys, Dartmouths, and Mc Gills. Knowledge can't be created in an environment where everything is already known.

Keep in mind that for every problem, there is a solution. Take a step back to rethink it a bit more, and then you can finally decide.

Visualize and be articulate in the presentation of a particular concept.


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